What Parameters Does RIP Use?

What is RIP configuration?

Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a dynamic routing protocol which uses hop count as a routing metric to find the best path between the source and the destination network.

It is a distance vector routing protocol which has AD value 120 and works on the application layer of OSI model.

RIP uses port number 520..

Where is RIP protocol used?

Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a protocol that routers can use to exchange network topology information. It is characterized as an interior gateway protocol, and is typically used in small to medium-sized networks.

What is router rip command?

router rip command tell router to enable the RIP routing protocol. network command allows us to specify the networks which we want to advertise. We only need to specify the networks which are directly connected with the router.

What is poison and its routes?

Route poisoning is a method to prevent a router from sending packets through a route that has become invalid within computer networks. … In the case of RIP, the maximum hop count is 15, so to perform route poisoning on a route its hop count is changed to 16, deeming it unreachable, and a routing update is sent.

Which metric is used to determine routes using RIP?

hop countThe RIP metric is hop count, which is simply a number of routers between the source and destination.

How do I enable RIP?

Configuring RIP requires the following steps:Step 1 Enable the RIP routing process, which places you in router configuration mode via the Router#router rip command.Step 2 Specify those networks that should be advertised using RIP via the Router(config-router)#network [network-number] command.

How does RIP differs from Igrp?

RIP stands for Routing Information Protocol. IGRP Stands For Interior Gateway Routing protocol. … RIP is a distance vector protocol. IGRP is also a distance vector protocol.

Is TCP better than UDP?

A key difference between TCP and UDP is speed, as TCP is comparatively slower than UDP. Overall, UDP is a much faster, simpler, and efficient protocol, however, retransmission of lost data packets is only possible with TCP.

Is Eigrp better than OSPF?

OSPF scales better than EIGRP because EIGRP is more complex in very large scale networks while troubleshooting. … OSPF have already been running in internal environments as an IGP (Interior Gateway Protocol). Thus, it is easier for an exchange of certain routes with OSFP.

Does Netflix use UDP?

Netflix, Hulu, Youtube, etc. video streaming all use TCP and simply buffer a few seconds of content, instead of using UDP since the delay is not crucial and TCP transfers can be easily accomplished over HTTP and web browsers without the need for additional plugins and software.

Which metric does RIP use to determine the least costly route?

hop countWhich metric does Routing Information Protocol (RIP) use to determine the least costly route? RIP uses a single routing metric (hop count) to measure the distance between the source and a destination network.

Why does Max 15 hops have rips?

Because in computing, binary form is used for storing numbers. In this case the maximum binary number in four positions would be 15 (1111). So they reserved four digits to count the hops. It seemed to be enough at the time they developed RIP.

What is difference between RIP v1 and v2?

RIP v1 is an older, no longer much used routing protocol. RIP v2 is a classless protocol and it supports classful, variable-length subnet masking (VLSM), CIDR, and route summarization. … It also supports multicast routing updates to reduce resource consumption (as opposed to using broadcasting in RIP v1).

What is the main reason of using RIP?

Stands for “Routing Information Protocol.” RIP is a protocol used by routers to exchange routing information on a network. Its primary functions are to 1) determine the most efficient way to route data on a network and 2) prevent routing loops.

Why does RIP use UDP?

Why do you think RIP uses UDP instead of TCP? The implementation of Routing Information Protocol (RIP) depends on the Distance-Vector routing protocol. The implementation Routing Information Protocol uses UDP applications instead of TCP for transmission of the datagrams.

Is RIP protocol still used?

RIP, like all routing protocols, is designed to disseminate network information pertinent to routers. At the most basic level, routers need to know what networks are reachable and how far away they are. RIP does this, and it’s still widely used today. … RIPv1 is very limiting because it doesn’t support CIDR addressing.

Does rip use TCP or UDP?

RIP uses User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port 520.

Why do you think RIP uses UDP instead of TCP?

Nevertheless, many important applications run over UDP rather TCP. UDP is used for RIP routing table updates (see Chapter 4 on the network layer), because the updates are sent periodically, so that lost updates are replaced by more up-to-date updates. UDP is used to carry network management (SNMP – see Chapter 8) data.

What are the four timers in RIP?

RIP has four timers update, invalid, hold down and flush timer, update timer – after that broadcast sent 30sec. invalid timer – after expire route declare as a invalid 180sec.

What is a maximum hop count of RIP?

15The maximum hop count for RIP routers is 15. Networks with a hop count of 16 or more are considered unreachable.

Why OSPF is better than Rip?

Unlike RIP protocol that has only 15 hops at most, OSPF has no limitations in hop count. So OSPF converges faster than RIP, and has better load balancing. The drawbacks of OSPF, however, is that it doesn’t scale when there are more routers added to the network.